More traffic is required to utilize this high-speed link efficiently. The traffic requirement has been doubled, compared to PCIe 5.0, to use the 64 GT/s data rate. As the traffic has increased, to maintain the quality of service (QoS), we need to enable multiple virtual channels (VC). PCIe works on a credit-based flow control mechanism. To accommodate multiple VCs, more buffers need to be allocated per VC. Therefore, the buffer requirement has been doubled in PCIe 6.0, but increasing the buffer space increases the hardware and cost of the design. To solve this problem, the concept of shared flow control was introduced for FLIT mode in PCIe.
All the shared resources of every active VC form a combined, shared pool that can be used per the requirement. If individual buffer space is exhausted, more traffic can be received if resources are
available in the common shared pool.
This paper demonstrates the implementation and verification requirements of shared flow control.