Using Simcenter Amesim to optimize emergency braking for grape harvesters
Founded in 1984, Fluidesign is a designer and manufacturer of hydraulic, electronic and mechatronic assemblies. The company has two complementary businesses, one that produces hydraulic components and another that makes electronic assemblies. New Holland manufactures agricultural machinery, including tractors and equipment for hay and forage, harvesting, crop production and material handling. Innovation is at the heart of New Holland’s strategic agenda as it focuses on continuously finding better, smarter and faster ways to make technology accessible and easy-to-use.https://www.fluidesign-group.fr/
- Lorette, France
Hydraulic system challenges
Hydraulic systems are crucial elements in the design of the latest technological innovations. Used to solve a wide variety of engineering problems, hydraulic systems support product innovations for (among others) increased comfort in steering systems, eco-friendliness in fuelinjection rails, safety in anti-blocking systems, and performance in heat recovery systems.
As system complexity grows along with embedded electronics, design cycles tend to lengthen and costs increase. The implementation of mechatronic system simulation has now become a standard method to keep these factors under control. Yet this still requires not only software knowledge but also application expertise. “With a strong background in intelligent hydraulic components manufacturing, Fluidesign has embraced the importance of simulation for mastering engineering complexity,” says Vincent Moulin, sales and marketing director of Fluidesign. “We began using Simcenter Amesim years ago and have now become a preferred partner for industry leaders looking for robust and cutting-edge products optimized by simulation.”
That is why New Holland Agriculture (New Holland) turned to Fluidesign to bring innovation to hydraulic systems for its latest self-propelled grape harvesters. For more than three decades, New Holland has developed machinery specifically designed for vineyards, with innovations such as swinging harvesting heads, the Noria conveying system, the SDC shaking systems and cabs with greater comfort. These innovations have made New Holland’s reputation in terms of quality, safety, performance and efficiency. Its machines have been widely acclaimed, making New Holland the undisputed market leader.
European regulations on reducing pollutant emissions have become all-encompassing, concerning every vehicle with an internal combustion engine. Grape harvesters are no exception and must comply with these standards, which are spurring the implementation of new engine technologies, such as exhaust gas recirculation and selective catalytic reduction. However, reducing emissions leads to additional costs and weight.
With these issues in mind, one solution is to increase the use rates of grape harvesters. The less time spent transporting a machine to and from a grapevine, the more profitable the machine becomes. That is why harvesters have been equipped with more powerful engines to reach work fields faster and optimize usage time.
Driving on tarred roads also comes with strict safety regulations, especially on braking distance. Regulations on emergency braking define specific braking distance and clear certification criteria. As the total weight of harvesting machinery increases, those requirements are becoming more and more difficult to reach. Not to mention that a failure to comply with the regulations can be very costly, not only in terms of fines and penalties, but also in lost market share.
This is why New Holland entrusted Fluidesign to come up with a technological solution that will enable it to comply with regulations for its VN9040-type grape harvester.
Modeling the entire chassis
To assess the dynamic behavior and evaluate the impact of valve design on emergency braking, Fluidesign uses Simcenter Amesim™ software, a leading solution for the physical simulation of mechatronic systems, part of the Simcenter portfolio. Its engineers modeled the complete chassis system – including the chassis and tire contact patch on a 3D road surface, together with the hydrostatic transmission – using off-the-shelf Simcenter Amesim libraries, including hydraulic, hydraulic component design, hydraulic resistance and vehicle dynamics.
Investigating the dynamics and response time of the different elements of the transmission system, such as the hydraulic control of the variable displacement pump, was essential for this study. After model calibration based on measurements, the study focused on the impact of various hydraulic and control parameters for emergency braking. “Using Simcenter Amesim has enabled New Holland to rapidly identify different load and torque transfer rates,” says Frederic Lagors, Fluidesign’s technical director. “With this data in mind, we have run the modeling and simulation of vehicles, integrating different new valves and adjusting the distribution of torque and loads as well as optimizing the braking.”
The use of Simcenter Amesim enabled Fluidesign to validate the architectural choices and launch the industrialization of the hydraulic valve of the hydrostatic circuit. This virtual study allowed New Holland to identify the ideal set of parameters to reach its optimum braking objectives. Moreover, it has enabled the company to design a special braking assistance valve to be implemented where it is most efficient in the hydraulic circuit for optimized emergency braking. This hydraulic flow control valve is actuated – only in case of an emergency – using a control unit.
Providing insight into what works best
“The Simcenter Amesim 3D animation tool provided the ability to visualize the results as if engineers were watching the real machine and to get the most out of the powerful analysis tools,” says Lagors. “This capability gives results a particular and immediate meaning, as a perfect complement to plots and graphs. Different product configurations can then be rapidly tested virtually to select the more relevant ones for deeper insights.”
Using Simcenter Amesim enabled Fluidesign to better understand the physics of the complete chassis of the grape harvester and to identify the most important parts of the hydraulic circuit impacting emergency braking. Engineers were able to get a detailed understanding and precise observation of hydraulics phenomena, such as flow, pressures and time response that are usually difficult to gauge directly on the machine, but that enable the design of relevant solutions. “The required solution is technically simple most of the time,” says Moulin. “When it is not simple, the software enables engineers to identify the causes of a problem. That’s what Simcenter Amesim is best at – helping engineers focus on their expertise, not on tools.”
As a consequence, it has been possible to virtually evaluate worst-case scenarios and extreme conditions, which wouldn’t have been the case with real-life testing. This is a major enhancement in safety optimization. “Using Simcenter Amesim has been a real asset and enabled New Holland to save several months of engineering studies as they worked on this safety optimization project,” says Lagors.
To detect the root cause of problems or to investigate engineering solutions, grape growers usually proceed with the more traditional method of making real-life measurements in the yard. But this can be costly for the harvester in terms of transportation expenses, engineering fees and testing materials. Plus, the results are uncertain. Pioneering the use of mechatronic system simulation, New Holland decided to invest in Fluidesign’s components and software expertise to streamline the development process.
Total project costs have been cut by 25 percent and more importantly, a robust solution has been found. Embedding its grape harvesters with the safest technology for emergency braking helps position New Holland as a technical leader in the domain. Providing customers with simple but efficient machines has always been New Holland’s mission, and the association with Fluidesign and Siemens Digital Industries Software has helped the company find smarter, better and faster ways to make technology accessible and easy-to-use.